Roxbury Historical Marker

Establishment of Roxbury

Roxbury, whose Indian name is "Shepaug", a Mohegan name signifying "rocky water", was settled in 1713. Originally a part of Woodbury, the Town was incorporated in October 1796.

Mine Hill and its minerals have been associated with Roxbury since the middle of the 18th Century. A silver mine was opened here and was later found to contain spathic iron, specially adapted to steel making and a small smelting furnace was built.

The abundance of granite found in many of Mine Hill's quarries provided the building material for the ore roaster and blast furnace, as well as for such world wonders as the Brooklyn Bridge and Grand Central Terminal in New York City.

The Town Green holds the town’s smallest cemetery and granite memorial to Revolutionary War hero and Roxbury native, Seth Warner. Warner was Captain of the local regiment of the "Green Mountain Boys", formed to resist New York authority over Vermont. He was a hero often overshadowed by his more flamboyant Roxbury-born cousins and Green Mountain comrades-in-arms, Ethan Allen and Remember Baker.